The Maharashtra Government contested the inclusion and lodged a protest with the Centre in September 1957, leading to the formation of the Mahajan Commission under former Chief Justice Mehr Chand Mahajan in October 1966. The Commission, which submitted its report in August 1967, recommended that 262 villages be transferred to Maharashtra and rejected Karnataka’s claim over Belgaum, Karwar town and 300 villages in Karwar, Supa and Haliyal taluks.
Terming the Mahajan report as biased and illogical, Maharashtra rejected it and demanded another review of the situation. Though Karnataka has ever since continued to press for implementation of the Commission’s report, it was never formally implemented by the Centre. Why it has resurfaced In December 2005, the Congress-led Government at the Centre decided to revive discussions on the border row, even as the states stuck to their guns. On March 15, 2006, the Maharashtra Government filed a petition in the Supreme Court stating that there was a “feeling of insecurity among Marathi-speaking people living in Karnataka in recent days”. The Centre filed an affidavit in August the same year stating that Maharashtra’s claim was not maintainable in law, but withdrew it soon. Karnataka grew sceptical.